Thursday, September 29, 2022

Smoking and Lung Cancer are interrelated

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Tobacco Consumption is strongly connected to increasing cancer cases

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There has been a long association between smoking and Lung Cancer. Although the link has been associated since the early nineteenth century, the trend of smoking is ever on the rise. According to the survey conducted by Statista, tobacco consumption contributed to about 49 million kilograms of legal cigarettes across India during the fiscal year 2021. However, the majority of tobacco product consumption is in the form of Illegal cigarettes, Bidis, and Chewable.

Lung Cancer is becoming a serious health concern, alarming cases in the next 5 years

Lung Cancer is one of the major health concerns in India. With more than 1 lakh cancer expected in the coming years, the problem is more prevalent in males. Around 70% of cases of lung cancer are those of males, however lately the incidence among women is also on the rise. Owing to the lack of a proper structural framework, there are no stringent policies for the manufacturer. Most of the products are manufactured in a small-scale industry using varying mixtures and thus are not structured.  

Risk Factors 

In recent years, the trend of smoking in India is on an alarming rise. Smokers have a 30 times higher risk of developing lung cancer compared rend of smoking in India is on the alarming rise. Smokers have a 30 times higher likelihood of developing lung cancer in their lifetime as compared to never smokers and the risk increases with the number of cigarettes smoked and the duration of smoking. Also, the puffs and nicotine content contribute to the occurrence of lung cancer. Surprisingly the rise is reported in Non-smokers also, which could be due to exposure to asbestos, radon gas, therapy, and indoor pollution.

Smokers population
Smokers population

Symptoms

People with lung cancer may not have any symptoms until a later stage. Most of them resemble those respiratory infections making them difficult to detect. Thus it is important to address the symptoms as and when felt.

Symptoms to look for

  1. Hoarseness in the voice
  2. Frequent chest infection or Pneumonia
  3. Chest pain
  4. Shortness of breath
  5. A lingering cough
  6. Appetite and weight loss
  7. Blood clots
  8. Coughing up blood
  9. Fatigue and headaches

Treatment

All the treatment options have both useful and adverse effects. Here are some of the treatment options to treat lung cancer

Some treatment options include:

  • Radiation therapy, which uses high-energy rays to kill cancerous cell
  • Targeted therapy, which targets a specific behavior to prevent tumor growth
  • Immunotherapy, which helps the body fight cancer cells
  • Palliative therapy, including pain relief, oxygen therapy, and other help that a person may need to manage their symptoms.
  • Surgery to remove part or all of a lung

Also read: Mahima Choudhary Cancer News, Actress opens up on her battle with cancer

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