Thursday, June 1, 2023

Sterilization In Dogs: Know The Pros And Cons Of The Procedure


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If you are considering buying a pet, the thought of sterilization would definitely cross your mind. However, for most individual this is nothing less than a dilemma. The article discusses some of the pros and cons of Sterilization in the dogs.

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Are you facing a dilemma of adopting a dog or not simply out of fear of sterilization, the read is just for you. Undoubtedly the thought would have crossed your mind at some time. Don’t worry, you are not the first person to have second thoughts about the procedure and certainly not the last. Your concern for your dog is completely understandable. That is why we have prepared this detailed guide about sterilization in dogs. Before going into pros and cons of the procedure, let us first discuss the definition of the term. In other words, Sterilization is a surgical procedure performed on pet dogs that prevents them from reproducing. Mainly performed for health reasons, it is carried out on both Male and female dogs. While the former is called Neutering, the latter is called Spaying.

Sterilization in Dogs
Sterilization in Dogs

Significance of Sterilization in Dogs

There are a number of questions in the mind of a dog owner before attempting sterilization. Some of the common fears include pet’s safety, consequences and the procedure. While the cost is another factor, the above three are important consideration in sterilization in dogs. In the current article, we not only manage the importance of sterilization of dogs, but also the pros and cons of the procedure. Some important terms, reasons and theories associated with Sterilization in dogs are listed below. (Courtesy HSUS and ASPCA).

Castration or Neutering

Sterilization in male dogs is referred as Castration or Neutering. It involves the removal of reproductive organs (Testicles).

Ovariohysterectomy or Spaying

Sterilization in female dogs is also called Ovariohysterectomy or Spaying involves removal of both Ovaries and uterus. Both surgeries are elective and should be carried in a planned way. The right age to neuter is questionable.

Theories behind Sterilization in Dogs.

Mammary Glands, Ovarian, Uterus and Testicular cancers are some of the most common cancers. All the theories are based on the appropriate time sterilization should be carried out.

According to the first theory, sterilization should be carried to avoid common cancers in male and female dogs. Sterilization in dogs should be carried out 6 months before sexual maturity is attained. Another theory mentions the right age for sterilization is not before 12-15 months. Growth plates are not closed, and hormones play an important role in the process. Consequently, it may lead to Associated Joint Disorders, Cancers, and Urinary Incontinence. The third and last theory suggests that sterilization should be done as early as possible but not before 4 months of age. This works if the purpose of sterilization is behaviour modification, aggression or birth control.

Pros and Cons of Sterilization


  1. Birth Control
  2. Behaviour and Aggression
  3. Healthy
  4. Tumor-Free
  5. Eliminates Territorial urine marking and Spraying behavior.
  6. Avoids Vocalization and Loud Barking behaviour
  7. Prevents Humping and Biting.
  8. Pseudo -pregnancy and sagging mammary glands.


  1. Results in Reduction of BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate), making them very obese. The condition leads to a lot of health issues and can be avoided through balanced diet and exercise to your pet.
  2. It increases the chances of urinary incontinent due to lack of hormones. Hormonal shots can alleviate the problem. Consult your vet for right dosage and intervals.

Sterilization is a very responsible thing for your pet. Backyard breeding is unacceptable as bitches become puppy mills and they get many health-related issues. Please get in touch with your vet and understand the procedure and process and do the right thing for your pet.

Also read: Importance of Pet Vaccinations

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